The holiest month of Ramadan 2018 is predicted to start on May 16 or 17. However, the date may change based on moon-sightings. Muslims around the world will be performing ritual fasting for 30 days.
Everything you wanted and should know about Ramadan 2018, and how it is commemorated.
When is Ramadan 2018?
Ramadan is celebrated on the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, a lunar calendar based on the moon cycle. This year the month is expected to begin mid-May.
How Long Does It Last?
Ramadan lasts for one complete moon cycle, which is usually 29 or 30 days. The moon sighting determines the duration. However, in the recent times, astronomical calculations have started taking precedence over the age-old tradition of moon sighting by the naked eye to decide the dates.
How Do We Know Exactly When Ramadan Starts?
Based on the moon-sighting, a committee in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, will make an official announcement about Ramadan date.
When does Ramadan 2018 end?
Based on the astronomical charts, Ramadan 2018 ends on June 14. The first day of the next month, also known as Shawwal, is expected to begin on June 15. This is again subjected to confirmation after an official sighting of the new moon.
The end of Ramadan is celebrated as Eid al-Fitr.
What’s the purpose of fasting during Ramadan?
Fasting during Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam, which also include prayer, faith, pilgrimage to Mecca, and charity. The main intention of fasting during Ramadan is to exercise self-control, body, and spirit, cleanse the mindset, and build a greater connection with Allah through prayer which can ultimately bring peace.
What is a typical day like during the holy month of Ramadan?
A typical day is as follows:
- Muslims must wake up before the sun rise (around 4 AM) and they should have the food. This meal is known as suhoor. Soon after the sun rises, they must not have their meals.
- The complete day they perform prayers and continue their fast.
- The end of fasting is done with Iftar which mostly has dates and sweet, milky drinks to provide a much-needed energy boost – before quickly taking part in prayers.
- After prayers, you can take dinner, typically after 9 pm.
- Overall, Muslims will be fasting for around 17 hours a day this year.
What to eat & avoid during Ramadan?
Fasting can make a person weak. But including the below would ensure your health is not going for a toss during the season:
The major food groups are:
- Fruits and vegetables
- Breads, cereals, and potatoes
- Meat, fish and chicken
- Dairy products such as milk and cheese
- Foods containing fat and sugar
Fasting individuals should avoid:
- Oily and fried foods
- Outside street foods and drinks
Prayer Timings during Ramadan
Imsak – Between 3:58 AM – 4:01 AM
Fajr – Between 4:08 AM – 4:11 AM
Sunrise – Between 5:28 AM – 5:31 AM
Dhuhr – Between 12:20 PM – 12: 25 PM
Asr – Between 3:45 PM – 3:50 PM
Maghrib – Between 7:04 PM – 7:15 PM
Isha – Between 8:34 PM – 8:45 PM
Note: The timings may change as per geographical location.
A Glance at Ramadan Glossary:
Iftar – Iftar is the meal at sunset when Muslims break their daytime fast.
Suhoor – The meal before sunrise. Suhoor often begins late at night and ends in the early hours of the morning.
Hilal – Marking the new month beginning in the Islamic calendar, the thin crescent moon is used to predict the start of Ramadan.
Sunnah – The teachings and practices of the Prophet Mohammed (PBUH).
Outsider’s Guide on How to Behave During the Holy Month:
- Respect the fasting
- Dress appropriately
- Watch how devout believers behave during Ramadan
- Don’t eat or smoke in public places
- Enjoy Iftar meals
What to Wear during Ramadan?
Both men and women should dress up with an appropriate level of discretion during the month of Ramadan. Well, here’s everything you need to know about dressing style during Ramadan:
- You should cover knees and shoulders, wear only modest makeup, and do not wear revealing necklines. Wear comfortable, loose-fitting clothing.
- Women must cover their head with a pashmina or scarf.
- Men must refrain from wearing shorts and sleeveless t-shirts
- And while entering a mosque of another sacred space, you should dress modestly.
Ramadan Dos & Don’ts:
Things & Etiquette to Follow during Ramadan:
- Always make sure to make the most of the community spirit. Introduce yourself to your neighbors and get involved in meetings and catch up with friends and family.
- Accept food and drink when offered during Iftar as it’s a sign of respect and friendliness.
- You have to get habituated to reverse your timings with nights taking the centre stage as everything happens in the night during Ramadan. Shopping malls, restaurants, grocery stores, etc open past midnight and closes in the early hours.
- Do your bit for a good cause/charity during Ramadan month.
The things you should refrain from during Ramadan:
- Never forget the rules. Drinking, eating, and smoking during daylight hours is strictly prohibited.
- Don’t dress inappropriately or wear tight fitting clothes – modesty is a must.
- Avoid playing loud music or swear in public as it may offend those who are fasting.
- Don’t involve in fights or arguments. Because, Ramadan is the holy month of peace and serenity.